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Data Definitions

McDaniel College acknowledges the challenges of language when categorizing identity. We strive to ensure our terminology represents the above groups in the language that best reflects and affirms their individual and collective identities. The following categories and definitions are from IPEDs.



IPEDS The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), conducted by the NCES, began in 1986 and involves annual institution-level data collections. All postsecondary institutions that have a Program Participation Agreement with the Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE), U.S. Department of Education (throughout IPEDS referred to as "Title IV") are required to report data using a web-based data collection system. IPEDS currently consists of the following components: Institutional Characteristics (IC); 12-month Enrollment (E12);Completions (C); Admissions (ADM); Student Financial Aid (SFA); Human Resources (HR) composed of Employees by Assigned Position, Fall Staff, and Salaries; Fall Enrollment (EF); Graduation Rates (GR); Outcome Measures (OM); Finance (F); and Academic Libraries (AL).
MHEC Maryland Higher Education Commission


Race/Ethnicity, per IPEDS Categories developed in 1997 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) that are used to describe groups to which individuals belong, identify with, or belong in the eyes of the community. The categories do not denote scientific definitions of anthropological origins. The designations are used to categorize U.S. citizens, resident aliens, and other eligible non-citizens.
Individuals are asked to first designate ethnicity as:
- Hispanic or Latino or
- Not Hispanic or Latino
Second, individuals are asked to indicate all races that apply among the following:
- American Indian or Alaska Native
- Asian
- Black or African American
- Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
- White
American Indian or Alaska Native A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community attachment.
Asian A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color) Includes all race and ethnicity categories EXCEPT White and Unknown
Black or African American A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Hispanic/Latino A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
Nonresident alien A person who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who is in this country on a visa or temporary basis and does not have the right to remain indefinitely.
Two or more A person who can be classified in multiple race and ethnicity categories
Unknown The category used to report students or employees whose race and ethnicity are not known.
White A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.


Applied Someone who has submitted an application form for admission to McDaniel College.
Completed Application Someone who has submitted both an application for admission to McDaniel College and submitted all additional required documents to be considered for admission.
Admitted Someone whose complete application has been reviewed and they have been offered admission.
Enrolled An individual who accepted McDaniel's offer of admission and enrolled.
Yield The measurement of the percentage of applicants who are admitted to McDaniel who also enroll at McDaniel.


First-time student (also called First-year) A student who has no prior postsecondary experience (except as noted below) attending any institution for the first time at the undergraduate level. This includes students enrolled in academic or occupational programs. It also includes students enrolled in the fall term who attended college for the first time in the prior summer term, and students who entered with advanced standing (college credits or recognized postsecondary credential earned before graduation from high school).
FTFY (Fall Cohort, Full-Time First-Year) The group of students entering in the fall term established for tracking purposes. For the Graduation Rates component, this includes all students who enter an institution as full-time, first-time degree or certificate-seeking undergraduate students during the fall term of a given year.
Full Time A student enrolled for 12 or more semester credits each term.
Retention Rate A measure of the rate at which students persist in their educational program at an institution, expressed as a percentage. For four-year institutions, this is the percentage of first-time bachelors (or equivalent) degree-seeking undergraduates from the previous fall who are again enrolled in the current fall.
4-Year Graduation (also called 100% Completion) Students who completed their program within 100% of the normal (or expected) time for completion. For McDaniel College, this is 4 years.
6-Year Graduation (also called 150% Completion) Students who completed their program within 150% of the normal (or expected) time for completion. For McDaniel College, this is 6 years.
Athlete A student who participates in intercollegiate athletic competition.
First-Generation A student who self-identifies as being the first in their family to attend college.
Gender (MHEC) The gender of student as recorded by the institution. Individuals missing this information must be assigned a gender. Students missing gender should be assigned evenly between codes. (MHEC Definition - IPEDS does not define and leaves it to the individual institutions)

Financial Aid

Pell-eligible A student who qualifies/is eligible for any amount of a Federal Pell Grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Education based on their Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)


Faculty/Staff Status An individual who is employed by the college.
Faculty Status An individual who is employed by the college, works in a teaching role and has an assigned faculty rank.
Staff Status An individual who is employed by the college and works in a non-teaching role.
Full-time Status A faculty or staff member that is employed by the college and works 25 or more hours per week.
Part-time Status A faculty or staff member that is employed by the college and works less than 25 hours per week.